Florence is a city full of flowers, rich aromas, gardens, parks and romance. What can’t be said about Florence? It has its beautiful hills, rivers, lakes and an amazing skyline. It is a city with much to see – beautiful monasteries and churches, galleries, museums and palaces. There are many, many reasons, therefore, to visit Florence.
Florence is also known as the “city of lilies”. Renowned for its astounding art and excellent architecture, it is one of the most beautiful cities in the world…
This is one of the oldest and most famous art museums the world has ever known, housing such important pieces as Sandro Boticelli's Primavera and The Birth of Venus, and Leonardo da Vinci's The Anunciation. The interesting fact about the Uffizi Gallery is it was not intended as a gallery or a museum. Cosimo I de' Medici commissioned Giorgio Vasari to build a palazzo that would serve as an office for the civil officers of Tuscany, hence the name "Uffizi". Cosimo planned for the Uffizi to be the location for the state's central governing offices, as well as the law courts called Tribuna degli Uffizi, and the state archive. Here, all the paintings commissioned by the Medici family were placed for safekeeping, with the prime paintings put on display, as directed by Cosimo's son FrancescoPalatina Gallery:
Also known as the Palatine Gallery as it is situated in the palace of the ruling family, it was opened for public viewing in 1828 by the House of Lorraine. Even today it is possible to find the typical layout one would see in such private collections; the interiors are lavishly decorated and there still are rich, original picture framesl'antico ponte di origine romana che attraversa il fiume Arno è famoso in tutto il mondo per i negozi di gioielleria artigiana. Ponte Vecchio è uno luoghi più suggestivi di Firenze. Il Corridoio Vasariano che adorna la parte superiore del ponte oggi fa parte del museo degli Uffizi.
a medieval bridge across the Arno River in Florence, noted for having shops that line it; these used to be butcher shops but have now been taken over by art dealers, jewelers and souvenir salespeople. Ponte Vecchio is touted as the oldest wholly stone, close-spandrel, segmental arch bridge in Europe. In addition to being the oldest bridge in Florence, Ponte Vecchio is also the most famous, and has replaced an earlier wooden bridge across the Arno. The Vasarian Corridor (the upper side of the bridge) was designed by Vasari to link the Uffizi Gallery and the Palazzo Vecchio to the Pitti Palace.Palazzo Vecchio:
This is the town hall of the city of Florence. It is a gigantic, crenellated, Gothic fortress-palace; you will find it hard to find a more impressive town hall in all of Tuscany. Palazzo vecchio is also one of the most significant public places in all of Italy, overlooking Piazza Della Signoria with its copy of Michelangelo’s statue of David and the adjoining Loggia dei Lanzi.Piazza della Signoria:
This L-shaped square situated in front of the Palazzo Vecchio is the focal point of the history as well as the origin of the Florentine Republic. Therefore, its reputation of being the political hub of the city, an evocative meeting place if not just for Florentine people but for travellers as well.Duomo:
One of the most distinctive features of the Florentine skyline is the Dome of Santa Maria del Fiore. The cathedral is located north of the Piazza Della Signoria and was started by the sculptor Arnolfo di Cambio in 1926; many local artists then worked on it for the next one and a half centuries. The brawny bell tower (campanile) was designed by Giotto. The gigantic octagonal cupola that really dominates the church and the city itself was the work of the pro architect and sculptor Filippo Brunnelleschi. The Baptistery stands opposite the cathedral and was believed to be of Roman origin though it dates to the 11th century. A succession of bronze doors with sculptures decorates the walls. Lorenzo Ghiberti’s doors, the third ones, are of exquisite beauty and have been described as ‘The Gates of Paradise’ by Michelangelo
Giotto Bell Tower: The Giotto Bell Tower is located in the Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral. Giotto began working on it in 1334 and after him the tower was finally concluded in 1359 by Francesco Talenti who was responsible for the large windows on the higher levels. The bell tower is full of sculptures – 56 relief carvings in two registers and 16 life-size statues are to be found here.
Brunnellechi’s Cupola: The construction of the cupola of the Santa Maria del Fiore was one of the most daunting undertakings during the Renaissance. Florentines were engaged in competitions and debates about its construction for a long time until Filippo Brunnelleschi came along. His amazing work is now the city itself – so amazing was his genius.
San Giovanni Baptistery: A religious building considered by many to be the oldest building in the city itself. The Baptistery is famous for the three sets of glorious bronze doors that have received a lot of artistic acclaim. All Florentine Catholics used to be baptized here until the 19th century.
Accademia Gallery: In the heart of Florence the Academy Gallery houses the paintings and sculptures of the great masters of the 14th and 15th centuries. It was these master that established Florence’s reputation as a city of art. The Academy was founded in 1784 and now preserves Florence most know masterpiece and symbol of the city, the David by Michelangelo.
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